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King's Speech

January 13, 2017

Thanks to Alissa Simon, HMU Tutor, for today's post.

U2 performing MLK

 Common, “A Dream”

Martin Luther King, Jr. was one of the most vocal and prolific proponents of a path to peace through nonviolence. He fought with words and love and forgiveness, instead of fear and anger. He responded to death threats, violence and hatred with patience and understanding. Though Martin Luther King, Jr. sought for equality during the civil rights movement, his words transcend any single movement. For example, he defines peace as “not merely the absence of tension; it is the presence of justice.” For quotes such as this as well as his many other great words and actions, our government dedicates the third Monday of January in reverence of peace and justice.

The concept of justice is difficult, layered by changes with each government and culture. The Merriam-Webster dictionary lists justice as “the quality of being just, impartial or fair” or “conformity to truth, fact or reason”. Whether you believe in Plato's harmonious civil society, or John Locke's natural law, there is no denying the great impact that a contemporary understanding of justice has upon society. Justice is, in fact, a foundational feature of society, whether we notice it in our daily lives or not.

In the Proclamation of Martin Luther King, Jr. Day, Ronald Reagan said, “He [King] wanted 'to transform the jangling discords of our Nation into a beautiful symphony of brotherhood.'” And so, in a seemingly literal response, Martin Luther King's words have been incorporated into many styles of music, fiction and art. Yet, his most quoted speech (“I Have a dream”), only grants the barest essence of his life's work. His words have traveled the world, through all genres and arts.

Society depends upon and changes with the way we understand “justice”. King's Nobel Prize acceptance speech offers a fantastic opportunity to listen to the accumulation of his teachings, presented in his own words and style. No matter what medium delivers his words to us, there is no doubt that Martin Luther King, Jr.'s words have affected our cultural understanding of justice. To set aside a day for the celebration of Martin Luther King, Jr., therefore, is also a proclamation for peace. I encourage you to spend five minutes of your day understanding Martin Luther King, Jr.'s version of peace and justice. Compare it to what you know of Plato's or Locke's or Mill's or the concepts defined in the songs by U2 or Common. (Note that there are many songs which incorporate King's words, these are only two examples).

As a start, this excerpt comes from Martin Luther King's Nobel Prize acceptance speech:

“Yet, in spite of these spectacular strides in science and technology, and still unlimited ones to come, something basic is missing. There is a sort of poverty of the spirit which stands in glaring contrast to our scientific and technological abundance. The richer we have become materially, the poorer we have become morally and spiritually. We have learned to fly the air like birds and swim the sea like fish, but we have not learned the simple art of living together as brothers.

 

“Every man lives in two realms, the internal and the external. The internal is that realm of spiritual ends expressed in art, literature, morals, and religion. The external is that complex of devices, techniques, mechanisms, and instrumentalities by means of which we live. Our problem today is that we have allowed the internal to become lost in the external. We have allowed the means by which we live to outdistance the ends for which we live. So much of modern life can be summarized in that arresting dictum of the poet Thoreau: 'Improved means to an unimproved end'. This is the serious predicament, the deep and haunting problem confronting modern man. If we are to survive today, our moral and spiritual 'lag' must be eliminated. Enlarged material powers spell enlarged peril if there is not proportionate growth of the soul. When the 'without' of man's nature subjugates the 'within', dark storm clouds begin to form in the world.”

For the transcript or audio of the full speech, please visit the archive at nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1964/king-lecture.html

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Peace

January 15, 2016

 

“The days of peace and slumberous calm are fled;/ Those days, all innocent of scathing war,/ When all the fair Existences of heaven/ Came open-eyed to guess what we would speak: - / That was before our brows were taught to frown,/ Before our lips knew else but solemn sounds;/ That was before we knew the winged thing,/ Victory, might not be lost, or might be won.”
- John Keats, “Hyperion: A Fragment”

 

Why isn't Peace in the Syntopicon? For those of you who know the Syntopicon, you will say that it is in the Syntopicon, under the heading of War and Peace. True, but that is not the same thing as Peace. Before reading the entry, peace is already framed as if it can only exist in opposition to war. As humans, we often use opposites to begin a discussion, a way of understanding giant abstract terms. This provides a point from which to argue, define or extend discussion. Before the first war, there was only peace – and therefore peace was an unnecessary, and very likely, nonexistent term. Before the reality of war, peace lacked definition. This makes sense, of course. However, it is also possible that this old juxtaposition can grow stale or outdated. Is there a way to look at the great idea of Peace through new eyes?

Each war continues to define and change, augment and color our understanding and hope for peace. With each generation, war grows in numbers, tactics, techniques and weapons. Instead of periods of peace, we experience breath between periods of strife. If you could dream it or imagine it, what would everlasting or eternal peace look like?

Immanuel Kant states, “The morally practical reason utters within us its irrevocable Veto: 'There shall be no War'... Hence the question no longer is as to whether Perpetual Peace is a real thing or not a real thing, or as to whether we may not be deceiving ourselves when we adopt the former alternative, but we must act on the supposition of its being real. We must work for what may perhaps not be realized...” If everlasting peace is to be realized, it will come, perhaps as something near what Martin Luther King, Jr. speaks of: educated minds learning to live together through forgiveness and compassion.

Perhaps, as wars have evolved from tribal to civil to global, our understanding of peace has also evolved. Has it distanced itself from the frame of War and Peace? What would result from a minor edit to the Syntopicon, replacing two opposites, for example, with two similarities? What if instead of War and Peace, it read Peace and Forgiveness or simply Peace? How would our dialogue, our arguments or our viewpoints change?

Martin Luther King, Jr. thought deeply about peace and he cared deeply for the future of humanity. His words remind us of hope, ideals and peace. His words belong to the future of our discussion, whatever it may be.

 

“The function of education is to teach one to think intensively and think critically. Intelligence plus character – that is the goal of true education.”

 

“Darkness cannot drive out darkness; only light can do that. Hate cannot drive out hate; only love can do that.”

 

“Love is the only force capable of transforming an enemy into a friend.”

 

“We must learn to live together as brothers or perish together as fools.”

 

“I refuse to accept the view that mankind is so tragically bound to the starless midnight of racism and war that the bright daybreak of peace and brotherhood can never become a reality... I believe that unarmed truth and unconditional love will have the final word.”

 

“We must develop and maintain the capacity to forgive. He who is devoid of the power to forgive is devoid of the power to love. There is some good in the worst of us and some evil in the best of us. When we discover this, we are less prone to hate our enemies.”

 

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